The Bladder and How It Functions

A healthy bladder requires the pelvic floor muscles, the urethra, and the sphincters to be operating properly.

The bladder is actually a muscle that is similar to a balloon because it is hollow and expands and contracts. If you look in back of the pelvic bone and under the belly button you will find the bladder. It takes about 2 cups or 1 pint for the bladder to be full of urine. In the wall of the bladder there are smooth and thick muscles called a detrusor. This muscle will both enlarge and then will relax as urine fills and leaves the bladder. It also will tighten back up when the bladder is emptied.

A thin tube connects the bladder to the outside of the body that is called the urethra. Men have about eight inches of urethra tubing while women have only about one and one half inches of tubing. The front side of the vagina in adult females is where the urethra is found. The meatus is the name for the urethra at its opening and this is found in between the vaginal opening and the clitoris.

Medications That May Help With Bladder Control

There are certain irritants that will increase the problems of urinary incontinence. Alcohol consumption can be the cause of nerves failing. Taking a diuretic, like water pills, will actually make the body draw liquids from swollen parts of the body to send to the bladder. When this happens, the bladder fills up fast and causes problems with controlling this extra fluid. The consumption of drinks like colas and coffee with a lot of caffeine or eating foods with caffeine like chocolate will be problematic for proper bladder control.

Medications can be a corrective help for bladder control. They are usually prescribed along with some kind of therapeutic program. The most common medications that are prescribed for an overactive bladder or for urge incontinence are antispasmodic drugs.

Prevention and Complications of Urinary Incontinence

Prevention of the eventuality of developing urinary incontinence is just not always possible. Taking the incontinence treatments and following steps may give you the ability to diminish the onset of a loss of bladder control.

Obesity can be a contributing factor to a risk of loosing bladder control. Obviously working on having a healthy body and keeping excess weight off will be a first positive step to prevention.

Smoking is very bad for your health and will be a possible reason for urinary incontinence so get help quitting if you are a smoker.

Chronic Urinary Incontinence and The Most Common Types

There are three kinds of chronic incontinence that will be discussed in detail. These are Overflow incontinence, Stress incontinence, and Overactive bladder.

The first kind of chronic incontinence to be discussed is the Overactive Bladder. This is a condition of the bladder that is also referred to as Urge incontinence and it commonly affects mature individuals. Frequent urination or when the need to urinate is urgent, whether the bladder is filled or not, is considered an overactive bladder condition. Individuals with this condition find it difficult to make it to the bathroom before leaking occurs because the urge is so intense.

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